Terms & Conditions

  • 1. Use of Website

      • 1.1.1 For individual subscribers, the service on this website at (the "Website") is provided to you for your personal use, on a single PC or PC Network only, and subject to these Terms and Conditions.

      • 1.1.2 For corporate subscribers, the Website is provided for the personal use of principals and employees only and subject to these Terms and Conditions.  Corporate subscribers are obliged to ensure that those making use of the Website strictly adhere to these Terms and Conditions and do not disseminate the contents to unauthorised parties. 

    •  1.2 Users of the Website (“You”) may not sell on or sublet the service or any content contained in the service on the Website. You must not licence any third party to make use of the Website.

    • 1.3 You may only use the Website for lawful purposes. In particular you may not use the Website:

      • 1.3.1 transmit any content that is disruptive, uncivil, abusive, vulgar, obscene, hateful, fraudulent, threatening, unlawful, harassing, defamatory, or which discloses private or personal matters concerning any person;

      • 1.3.2 transmit any material that you do not have a right to transmit under law (such as copyright, trade secret or securities) or under contractual or fiduciary obligations (as in nondisclosure agreements);

      • 1.3.3 transmit any file that contains viruses, corrupted files, "Trojan Horses," or any other contaminating or destructive features that may damage someone else's computer or our systems;

      • 1.3.4 Use any automated means, including without limitation, agents, robots, scripts, or spiders, to access, monitor, copy or harvest data from any part of the Website;

      • 1.3.5 In contravention of the Computer Misuse Act 1990.

    • 1.4 You acknowledge that we accept no liability for any services or other material provided to you through the Website where such services and/or material is provided by third parties who provide content to the service or whose services and/or materials are hypertext linked from and to the website.

    • 1.5  You agree to indemnify fully and to hold us indemnified from and against any claim brought by a third party resulting from your use of the Website and in respect of all losses, costs, actions, claims, expenses or liabilities whatsoever suffered or incurred directly by us in consequence of your breach or non-observance of these terms.

  • 2. Website Availability

    We reserve the right at our discretion to refuse to provide access to the Website.

  • 3. Limitation of Liability

    • 3.1 The Website and its contents are provided by on an "as is" basis and without any warranties or guarantees of any kind including without limitation warranties of title or implied warranties of satisfactory quality, accuracy, or, fitness for a particular purpose. You must bear the risks associated with the use of the Internet.

    • 3.2 In particular, we disclaim all liabilities in connection with the following:

      • 3.2.1 incompatibility of the Website with any of your equipment, software or telecommunications links;

      • 3.2.2 technical problems including errors or interruptions of the Website;

      • 3.2.3 unsuitability, unreliability or inaccuracy of the Website; and

      • 3.2.4 inadequacy of the Website to meet your requirements.

    • 3.3 To the full extent allowed by applicable law, you agree that we will not be liable to you or any third party for any consequential or incidental damages (including but not limited to loss of revenue, loss of profits, loss of anticipated savings, wasted expenditure, loss of privacy and loss of data) or any other indirect, special or punitive damages whatsoever that arise out of or are related to the Website.

    • 3.4 We do not guarantee delivery of any news briefing.

  • 4. Submitting text for publication on LACCA

    • 4.1 Users of our site may submit material for publication in various areas of the site, including our online news, comments and conference diary. We accept no liability in respect of any material submitted by users and published by us and we are not responsible for its content and accuracy.

    • 4.2 If You want to submit material to us for publication on, You may do so on the following terms and conditions:

      • 4.2.1 Publication of any material you submit to us will be at our sole discretion. We reserve the right to make additions or deletions to the text or graphics prior to publication, or to refuse publication.

      • 4.2.2 You grant us a perpetual, irrevocable, royalty-free, non-exclusive licence to use, edit, alter, adapt, translate, copy, publish, continue to publish or republish the submission (and/or unedited, adapted or translated version of it or part of it) (“the Work”) and/or to sell or otherwise communicate or distribute the Work as part of an edited compilation or in any way howsoever. The licence is capable of sub-licence unlimited in the use to which we may put the Work and exist whether or not the author is a subscriber. If You wish to reproduce any Work which we have altered or edited we reserve the right to make a charge.

      • 4.2.3 You warrant to us that the Work is your own original work, unless otherwise stated and that you own the copyright and any other relevant rights.

      • 4.2.4 You warrant that the Work is not obscene, offensive, defamatory of any person or otherwise illegal.

      • 4.2.5 You agree not to post material which is deliberately intended to upset other users.

      • 4.2.6 You acknowledge that any breach of these warranties may cause us damage or loss and you agree to indemnify us in full and permanently against any third party liabilities, claims, costs, loss or damage we incur as a result of publishing material you submit to us, including consequential losses.

      • 4.2.7 We reserve the right to remove your access to individual services completely if we believe you are abusing the services in any way.

    • 4.3 These terms and conditions do not apply to commissioned work which will be subject to a written contract.

    • 4.4 Interactions with our site are governed by the following guidelines. You will be deemed to consent to these guidelines if You choose to post any content or comments to the site.

      • 4.4.1 We welcome debate and dissent, but the key to maintaining as an inviting space is to stick to the passionate discussion of issues. We actively discourage obscenity and mindless abuse. Personal attacks on other users or authors have no place in an intelligent discussion.

      • 4.4.2 Please respect other people's views and beliefs and consider their impact when making your contribution. We understand that people often feel strongly about issues debated on the site, but we will consider removing any content that others might find extremely offensive or threatening.

      • 4.4.3 We will not tolerate racism, sexism, homophobia or other forms of hate-speech, or content that could be interpreted as such. We recognise the difference between criticising a particular government agency or organisation and attacking people on the basis of their race, religion, gender or sexual orientation.

      • 4.4.4 We appreciate that we have an international audience, but since we publish content in English, the language of conversation on the site should also be English. As such, contributions that cannot be understood by the majority of participants may be removed.

      • 4.4.5 We will remove any content that may put us in legal jeopardy, such as potentially libellous or defamatory postings, or material posted in potential breach of copyright. We understand that you may wish to quote from external sources, but please try and refrain from copying and pasting extensively, which not only slows down the discussion, but potentially leads to copyright problems. It's definitely better to post a short quote or synopsis and a link to the original article.

      • 4.4.6 We will remove any posts that are obviously commercial or otherwise spam-like. There are technology features in place, which can help to identify spam in content or delivery form and prevent it from being published on the site, but some may slip through.

      • 4.4.7 Keep it relevant. We know that some conversations can be wide-ranging, but if you post something which is unrelated to the original topic then it may be removed, in order to keep the thread on track. The same applies to queries about moderation - these should not be posted as comments.

    • 4.5 Our moderators are empowered to help create and maintain a healthy and positive environment. Above all, we reserve the right to take steps or implement measures which we hope will benefit the whole community of

      • 4.5.1 Even if only part of a comment or posting is perceived as breaching the community guidelines, the whole thing may be removed.

      • 4.5.2 Sometimes, when a comment or post is removed, it is necessary to delete subsequent messages which refer to explicitly or quote from the original (removed) comment, in order to preserve some notion of conversational thread. This may also happen because a later comment quotes directly the problematic bits of the original comment, which just perpetuates the problem.

      • 4.5.3 Participants who seriously, persistently or wilfully ignore the community standards, participation guidelines or terms and conditions will have their posting privileges withdrawn. This is not an action that we take lightly, or arbitrarily. Prior to any such suspension, the participant will be warned, and given a chance to modify their approach. Please be aware that moderators may contact You by email in relation to your participation, especially where an issue comes up in relation to these community standards.

      • 4.5.4 Moderation is more than just dealing with problems. Sometimes we'll join a comment thread or talk board topic to help focus (or refocus) the discussion, or to get people talking.

    • 4.6 In short, our overarching aim is never to curtail conversation, but to create and maintain a pleasant and welcoming environment for everyone.

    • 4.7 If You have suggestions or questions about any aspect of community participation on, you can write to

  • 5. Intellectual Property

    Unless otherwise noted, the content of the Website, including all images, illustrations, designs, icons, photographs, video clips and written materials are protected by copyright, trade marks, database and other intellectual property rights. You may not reproduce, modify copy or distribute or use for commercial purposes any of the materials or content on the Website (or downloaded from the Website) without our written permission.

  • 6. Force Majeure

    Neither party shall be liable to the other, for any loss or damage which may be suffered by the other party due to any cause beyond the first party's reasonable control including without limitation any power failure and the actions of internet service providers and users.

  • 7. No Waiver

    Any failure by us to exercise or enforce any right conferred shall not be deemed to be a waiver of any such right nor operate so as to bar the exercise or enforcement thereof or of any other right on any later occasion.

  • 8. Variation of these Terms

    We reserve the right to vary these terms from time to time.

  • 9. Bribery

    We warrant that we do not engage in bribery, do not direct, authorise or knowingly permit any person who acts on our behalf or provide services to us to engage in bribery and we will not at any time engage in or direct, authorise or knowingly permit a person on our behalf or providing services to us to engage in bribery.

  • 10. Law

    These Terms and Conditions shall be construed in accordance with, and the provision of the service on the Website shall be governed by, English law.

  • 11. Miscellaneous

    • 11.1 If any provision of these Terms and Conditions is found to be invalid by any court having competent jurisdiction, the invalidity of that provision will not affect the validity of the remaining provisions of these Terms and Conditions, which shall remain in full force and effect.

    • 11.2 We will respect your personal information and comply with all applicable laws relating to data protection, the processing of personal data and privacy, including:

      • a) the Data Protection Act 1998

      • b) (with effect from 25 May 2018) the General Data Protection Regulation (EU) 2016/679; and

      • c) the Privacy and Electronic Communications (EC Directive) Regulations 2003 (as may be amended by the proposed Regulation on Privacy and Electronic Communications)


    • 11.3 A person who is not a party to these Terms and Conditions shall have no right under the Contract (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999 to enforce any term of these Terms Conditions but this shall not affect any right or remedy of a third party which exists or is available apart from that Act.

    • 11.4 If any provisions in these Terms and Conditions is invalid or unenforceable the remaining provisions will continue in full force and effect.

    • 11.5 The Website is owned and operated by Law Business Research Limited a company registered in England and Wales whose registered office is at:27 / 28 Eastcastle Street, London, W1W 8DH Company Number: 03281866

    • 11.7 If you have any queries please contact Editor-in-chief David Samuels in our London office on +44 20 3780 4127 or by email:

Law Business Research Limited

87 Lancaster Road,
W11 1QQ,
United Kingdom

Law Business Research Ltd

87 Lancaster Road, London
W11 1QQ, UK

Copyright © 2019 Law Business Research Ltd. All rights reserved.

87 Lancaster Road, London, W11 1QQ, UK | Tel: +44 207 908 1188 / Fax: +44 207 229 6910 |